Iran FM briefs parliament on Trump's threat to nuclear deal

President Trump reportedly wants to return the U.S. to the level of nuclear weapons stockpiled in the 1960s

In a recent review of Iran's compliance of the deal, the White House found the country to have met the requirements, yet Trump insisted on scrapping the deal, stating it was no longer in the US' security interests. If he does not certify Iran's compliance to the conditions of the deal than congress will have to re-impose sanctions against Iran within 60 days.

Several congressional Democrats who split with President Barack Obama to oppose the nuclear agreement with Iran are now urging President Donald Trump to uphold the global accord, arguing that robust enforcement is the best way to counter Tehran's malign behavior in the Middle East.

Parsi goes on to note that a quick glimpse at those rallying behind Trump's efforts to kill the deal-from former USA ambassador to the United Nations John Bolton and the hawkish Sen. Under a new version being negotiated with Congress, he would have to endorse the deal less frequency but the United States intelligence community would have to assess whether Iran is carrying out covert activity in facilities not visited by the IAEA.

What is Trump expected to say or do about the deal?

Daniel Kurtzer, a former US ambassador to Israel who is now a professor at Princeton University, said the political pressure could be intense. "This is not the way of making deals, not in foreign policy, not in private businesses and I think [US] President [Donald] Trump understands that perfectly well", she said.

Political observers have warned that any unilateral action by the United States based on unsupported claims of Iranian non-compliance would isolate Washington, impede future efforts for other nonproliferation agreements in the broader global community and increase the likelihood of a wider conflict in the Middle East. He called Trump's move to kick the deal to Congress a "trap" and "a tactic meant to reach the president's goal of tearing the deal apart".

"If we pass the message that with every change of administration in Washington or elsewhere deals are thrown away and renegotiated, no one would negotiate with any administration ever and any deal would be exposed to be renegotiated every term". The agreement has been beneficial for Iran's economy, opening it to foreign markets and the worldwide financial system, said Ahmad Khalid Majidyar, who previously taught Middle East issues to US and North Atlantic Treaty Organisation military leaders at the Naval Postgraduate School's Leader Development and Education for Sustained Peace program.

Iran has said it is open in principle to further discussions, particularly with Europe, but has said its missile programme is non-negotiable. "Once it was entered into, once it was implemented, we want to see it enforced".

The Foreign Office said Johnson also spoke to Zarif and will meet Ali Akhbar Salehi, Iran's vice president and head of its nuclear agency, in London on Wednesday. He also wants to toughen language on ballistic missiles and inspections.

Beyond decertification, there are a number of ways the Trump administration could put pressure on Iran to come back to the negotiating table.

House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce, R-Calif., who held a hearing on Iranian threats on Wednesday, called the deal a failed "gamble" that Iran would become a responsible actor. Second, it appears that moderate Senate Republicans will side with Democrats to block passage of any sanctions that could endanger the Iran deal.

Trump threatened during the presidential campaign to tear the pact up if he was elected. Those provisions relate to enriching uranium to levels near those needed to produce the fuel for a nuclear weapon, as well as other activities that limit Iran's atomic capabilities at various sites.

What exactly that will look like is still being determined, but it could include greater congressional oversight.

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