Who Is Har Gobind Khorana? Google Doodle Honors Indian-American Biochemist

Har Gobind Khorana Indian American biochemist nobel prize in genetics DNA National Medal of Science University of Wisconsin Indian American scientist

He was born the youngest of five to a Hindu couple in the small Punjabi village of Raipur, India (today part of eastern Pakistan), and spent the first 23 years of his life in that country. He and a team of researchers received the award after discovering how the order of nucleotides in our DNA determines which amino acids are built and in turn, form the proteins that carry out cell functions.

The artwork, created by Bangalore-based artist Rohan Dahotre, depicts Dr. Khorana (who passed away in 2011) in a black and white sketch alongside another cartoon of him in a laboratory.

The doodle was meant to celebrate the 96th birthday of the biochemist.

The research which make him prominent personality in science was construction of the world first artificial gene. This work led to the Nobel Prize for physiology or medicine in 1968, which he shared with Robert Holley of Cornell University and Marshall Nirenberg of the National Institutes of Health.

Google doodle on Har Gobind Khorana.

"Scholarships helped propel the budding scientist through his scholastic journey, obtaining his doctorate in organic chemistry in 1948", writes Google.

Throughout his famed career, Khorana never lost touch with his modest beginnings, which infused him with a sense of humility that was admired by his colleagues. Though, January 9 is the date of birth in his documents the exact date remains uncertain.

After completing a year of research on nucleic acids and proteins, while he was working under Professor Vladimir Prelog in Zurich, Switzerland, Khorana moved to Canada in 1952 where he worked at the University of British Columbia.

Khorana died November 9, 2011, in MA at the age of 89. He became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1966. His death was announced by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he was a professor emeritus. After being awarded with the Government of India Fellowship in 1945, Khorana went to England for a PhD degree at the University of Liverpool. They had three children - Julia Elizabeth, Emily Anne, and Dave Roy.

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