A US government shutdown looms, here's how it may impact Australians

U.S. President Donald Trump speaks with Hope Hicks during an interview with Reuters in Washington

So, here we go again.

President Donald Trump and Congress failed to reach an agreement on a spending plan by midnight Friday, triggering a partial shutdown of the federal government.

Some agencies, like the federal courts and Department of State, can function for several weeks on their remaining funds.

"We are going to manage the shutdown differently", he said.

Mail delivery, the issuance of Social Security checks and Medicare reimbursements will remain intact. They will not get paid. In previous shutdowns, training missions were curtailed.

However, there are some pockets of the federal government that could be affected by a shutdown, according to ConsumerReports.org. However, there could be some delays as "non-essential" employees are furloughed.

Travel: Air and rail travelers did not feel a big impact in 2013 because security officers and air traffic controllers remained at work. That shutdown lasted 21 days.

"The American public and especially our veterans who come to our nation's capital should find war memorials and open-air parks open to the public".

"Other areas such as culturally sensitive areas or backcountry areas that present a risk to visitors may also have restricted access".

"The problem is that President Trump has previously declared he wanted the government shut down and is doing all he can to get it", said Sen. Hundreds of patients could not enroll in National Institutes of Health clinical trials, according to the OMB. But the zoo and the museums would be closed beginning Monday.

"We fully expect the government to remain open, however in the event of a shutdown, national parks will remain as accessible as possible", a spokesman for the National Parks Service said. And those donations will continue to go through, even if the shutdown happens.

In its own updated contingency plan, the Department of Housing and Urban Development stated that only employees would be considered "excepted" and would have to show up for work during the shutdown.

Thanks to a Reagan-era memorandum, federal workers involved in national security-related work, or performing jobs that "protect life and property" will still report to work.

In a statement provided to Mashable, the FCC said that even in the event of a shutdown the agency would be able to stay open through the close of business on Friday, January 26.

Legislation: Congress would continue to operate, as they work to end a shutdown, although the Capitol may not be open to tours. However, soldiers will potentially not be paid during a shutdown, instead receiving IOUs.

Courts: The administrative office of the U.S. courts has said federal courts, including the Supreme Court, could continue to operate normally for about three weeks without additional funding. How much on homeland security?

But what is considered essential and nonessential?

Part of the reason the federal government is less prepared than it was in 2013, under President Barack Obama, is that the Trump administration simply doesn't have the people or expertise in place to oversee something like this. Then, over 60 percent of federal employees continued to work. This disease continues to affect millions of Americans and annually costs our health care system billions of dollars. The department has outlined how its various agencies will be affected.

As a shutdown of the federal government looms, Washington, D.C. Mayor Muriel Bowser says the local government will continue to function and will pick up some federal functions, such as picking up trash on federal land. The people in the private sector who run restaurants and coffee shops and other small businesses that serve federal employees and contractors will see sales drop, and their employees who are sent home will not get paid or get back-pay.

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