HSE warns of measles outbreak in Dublin

The booster measles vaccine given to children between the ages of four and six offers almost 100-per-cent protection.							Getty Images

State officials say they are working closely with health departments in Oakland and Wayne counties to identify possible locations where victims were exposed to the measles.

Measles can cause serious illness requiring hospitalization. It spreads either through direct contact with an infected person or through the air when the patient coughs or sneezes.

If symptoms develop, residents are urged to not visit their doctor or emergency room UNLESS they have called ahead so precautions can be taken to prevent exposure to other individuals. It is rare in the USA due to the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine. Two doses of the vaccine are recommended, said Dr. Margaret Ryan, a retired Navy captain and the medical director of the Pacific Region Vaccine Safety Hub of the Defense Health Agency's Immunization Healthcare Branch. Anyone who has not received two doses of MMR vaccine is at risk.

"If unsure whether they had the vaccine they should speak to their GP about getting the MMR vaccine before travelling. We strongly encourage and support protecting beneficiaries this way".

A second vaccine dose is given before the start of kindergarten, between ages 4 and 6 years. If you are ill with measles, stay home and away from others, especially unvaccinated infants, people with diseases affecting their immune systems and pregnant women.

Mansaray also recommends that schools, day care providers, parents and employers review their immunity level to measles and make a plan. "Generally, it's safe to get extra doses".

According to the CDC, numerous recent USA cases of measles have been linked to visits to Israel, Ukraine, and other countries where large outbreaks have occurred. White spots on the inner cheeks, gums, and mouth form two to three days after symptoms begin and a rash that is blotchy and bumpy begins on the face and spreads to the arms and legs three to five days after noticeable symptoms.

"We are doing the work necessary to give everyone who has not been immunized or is not fully immunized against measles, mumps and rubella, to be immunized through April, May and June".

Dr Malo said complications could include pneumonia and encephalitis, inflammation of the brain, which could be deadly.

Due to lower levels of MMR vaccine uptake in children and young people in some countries, measles continues to circulate.

Measles is one of the world's most infectious diseases and in rare cases, can be deadly.

The County previously had 12 recorded cases of measles in 2018-19, the department said on Wednesday, April 3.

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