CDC: Measles outbreak has spread to southern states

US nears record number of measles cases

"Yesterday, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention confirmed there have been 626 individual cases of measles diagnosed across 22 states in the US since the first of this year".

The outbreak has led to officials ordering the closure of some yeshivas that refuse to cooperate with New York City Health Department vaccination orders but it has yet to show any signs of slowing down in New York City, or in New York State. The highest number of annual cases since 2000 was 667 recorded in 2014.

She said the county is taking a three-pronged approach to dealing with the infection in the face of outbreaks in New York, Northern California and around the world, which includes efforts to reach out to everyone exposed and, if they are not vaccinated against measles, asking them to stay home for 21 days to avoid spreading the infection. That would make 2019 the worst year for measles since 1994. Infected people can spread measles to others four days before the rash that characterizes the disease appears.

The latest developments come as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention predicts 2019 could be a record-breaking year for measles cases in the U.S. The vaccine is recommended for children at 12 months of age, and the second vaccination is typically given at 4-6 years of age. Most of the NY cases have involved unvaccinated people in the Orthodox Jewish communities living in certain neighborhoods in Brooklyn and Queens.

Illinois is included in the list of states that have reported cases, with seven cases being reported on the Illinois Department of Public Health's (IDPH) website.

Below is a map of recent confirmed cases of the measles in our region.

Measles is a highly contagious disease caused by a virus that can spread through the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes or if someone comes into direct contact or shares germs by touching the same objects or surfaces. There could be a chance the vaccine back then was ineffective. "After just one dose of MMR vaccine about 95 per cent of people will be protected from measles, and 99 per cent of people who have had both MMR doses will be protected from measles", Shoemack said.

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The Measles-Mumps-Rubella (MMR) vaccine has been approved in the U.S. for almost 50 years.

This year, as in the past, the majority of people who have fallen ill were unvaccinated, officials have said. As well, officials have reported a spike in measles cases in countries that have high vaccination numbers, including the US, Tunisia, and Israel.

Measles infects the nose and throat mucus of infected individuals, producing symptoms such as fever, runny nose, cough, red eyes and a sore throat.

"The MMR vaccine is very safe and effective", the CDC said.

New Westminster Public Health Unit, 218-610 - 6 St. "The only way to protect against measles is to get vaccinated", Dr. Messonnier added.

A few kids' immune systems won't be totally ready at that age-in which case the vaccine won't take-so everybody is supposed to get a booster shot around the time they start kindergarten.

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