Nobel prize in physics awarded for research on cosmology and exoplanets

A nobel prize for Physiology or Medicine. image credit WIkipedia

Doctors William Kaelin Jr. of Harvard University in Massachusetts, Gregg Semenza of Johns Hopkins University in Maryland and Sir Peter Ratcliffe of Oxford University will share this year's prize.

"With numerous projects planned to start searching for exoplanets, we may eventually find an answer to the eternal question of whether other life is out there", it said.

Peebles, of Princetown University in the United States, was awarded the joint prize for "theoretical discoveries in physical cosmology".

It said: "The fundamental importance of oxygen has been understood for centuries, but how cells adapt to changes in levels of oxygen has always been unknown". The lingering HIF then triggers the growth of new blood vessels and other processes that restore a healthy oxygen supply.

The Nobel Prize in Chemistry will be announced Wednesday, two Nobel Prize in Literature awards will be announced on Thursday, and the Nobel Peace Prize comes Friday. He said felt honoured by the Nobel accolade but that his main goal had always been pure science.

Their work centres on the hypoxic response - the way the body reacts to oxygen flux - and "revealed the elegant mechanisms by which our cells sense oxygen levels and respond", said Dr Andrew Murray, an expert at Britain's University of Cambridge, who congratulated the three.

Penn graduate Gregg Semenza was awarded the 2019 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine today for his research on how oxygen availability affects cells.

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Good morning! I'm Emma Löfgren and I will be your slightly confused host as I guide you through the science behind this week's Nobel Prizes.

Next, their work showed how HIF is constantly being made by cells but is also constantly destroyed when oxygen levels are regular. It turns out that the gene turns on erythropoietin, or EPO, which controls red blood cell production, when cells don't get enough oxygen. "Cells need a way to adjust to the amount of oxygen they have, while still doing their important jobs".

"I like to think she's smiling down and nodding and saying, 'I told you, I told you this was going to happen'".

Peebles thanked the Nobel committee for the award but said his advice to young people wanting to go into science would be not to be lured by the prospect of such prizes.

The 2019 Nobel Prize in physics will be announced on Tuesday, Oct. 8. Thanks to the three Nobel Laureates' discovery, however, drugs can be created to reverse this process, slowing down the tumor's growth.

The cash prize comes with a gold medal and a diploma that are received at an elegant ceremony in Stockholm on December 10, the anniversary of the death of prize founder Alfred Nobel in 1896, together with five other Nobel winners. The economics prize will be awarded on October 14.

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